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Spiders: Basic Information

Many different kinds of spiders live in and around buildings here in Tennessee.

Some, like garden and cellar spiders, construct webs to help entrap their prey. Others, like wolf spiders, are free-roaming and make no webs.

Most spiders are harmless, and in fact are actually beneficial, because they prey upon flies, crickets, and other insects, and the majority of spiders have fangs too small or weak to puncture human skin.

Are they Dangerous?

Of the hundreds of species of spiders in Tennessee, the black widow and brown recluse are considered the most dangerous. Fortunately, they have very distinctive markings that can separate them from the harmless spiders.

Black widow spiders have the famous red hour glass that can be found on their underbelly, but this can sometimes appear as simply two red dots.

Brown recluse spiders have a distinctive pattern on the top of their body that looks like a violin and is much darker than the rest of their body.

Black widow venom is a nerve toxin and its effects are rapid. Victims suffer painful rigidity of the abdomen and usually a tightness of the chest. Blood pressure and body temperature may rise and sweating, localized swelling and a feeling of nausea may occur. Someone who suspects a black widow bite should seek medical attention immediately.

Brown Recluse bites almost always occur between March and October. Often their bites are initially paintless, and the bite wound starts with a central pimple and produces an irregular red reaction. This is followed by blister formation and/or skin death. While death has been recorded it is extremely rare.

Keep spiders away for good. Call the pest professionals at Smash Pest Control today.

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